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Маркеры указания времени протекания действия в английском языке

Маркеры указания времени протекания действия в английском языке

Таблица употребления в высказываниях маркеров указания на время протекания действия

At what time?

AT

BEFORE

AFTER

BY

six o'clock p.m.; a quarter past six; half past six;

twenty minutes to seven; a quarter to seven

noon, midday, midnight; dawn, sunrise, sunset;

The May Day; breakfast (supper, dinner) time 

When?

ON

BEFORE

AFTER

BY

Sunday, Monday, Tuesday,

Wednesday, Thursday, Friday

Saturday

morning,

afternoon,

evening, night

Sunday (Monday) week (fortnight);

the first (second) Sunday (Monday) in May (June);

the first (second) of September (December);

January (February) the first (second)

IN

DURING

May (June); (the) spring, summer, autumn, winter;

the morning, the evening, the afternoon;

(the year of) 800 A.D., 1917, 1961 

ONE

morning, afternoon, evening, night; 

Monday (Tuesday) morning (afternoon, evening, night);

day (morning) in May (June); April (spring) morning 

How long? FROM

morning...

Sunday...

May...

two o'clock... 

1917...

TO

TILL

UNTIL

...night

...Friday

...November

...six o'clock

...1964

Till what time?

UNTIL

TILL

UP TO

tomorrow (morning, afternoon, evening);

May the first (September the nineth); 1917

 

Present Indefinite

How often? always, usually, often, sometimes, seldom, never

once, twice, three (four) times

two or three times

three or four times

several times

many times

an hour

a day

a week

a month

a year

EVERY

now and then; now and again;

hour (day, morning, evening, week, month year)

EVERY OTHER

EVERY

SECOND

THIRD

hour (day, morning, evening, week, month year)

EVERY TWO

THREE

EVERY FEW

seconds, minutes, hours, days, weeks, months

 

Past Indefinite

When?

yesterday, yesterday morning (evening, afternoon);

the day before yesterday;

today (this day) week (fortnight);

yesterday week (fortnight);

the week (month, year) before last

LAST

Sunday (Monday, Tusday); night;

week (month, year);

January (February, March);

spring (summer, autumn, winter)

How long ago?

not (long)

a short (long) time (while)

a moment (minute, hour, week, month)

AGO

a few

several

(not) many

two or three

minutes

hours

days

weeks

AGO

a week (fortnight, month);

two (three, a few, several) weeks (months)

AGO

today

yesterday

last Sunday

 

Future Indefinite

When?

tomorrow; tomorrow morning (afternoon, evening);

the day after tomorrow;

the week (month, year) after next;

tomorrow week (fortnight)

NEXT

Sunday (Monday, Tuesday);

week (month, year, term);

January (February, March);

spring (summer, autumn, winter)

(the) NEXT

THE FOLLOWING

day (morning, afternoon, evening, night);

week (month, year);

January (February, March); 

spring (summer, autumn, winter)

IN a few minutes (hours, days)

an hour's

half (a quarter of)

a few (several)

two (three)

two or three

an hour's

hours'

days'

weeks'

time

 

Present Perfect

When? ever, never, just, (not) yet, already
today
THIS

morning (afternoon, evening);

week (month, year, term);

January (February, March)

FOR

some time, a long (short) time,

half an hour, a quarter of an hour,

a week, a month, a year

several

a few

two or three

many

the next (last) few (three)

two (three)

over (under) three

more (less) then three

minutes

hours

days

weeks

months

years

SINCE

five o'clock

breakfast

Saturday

the first of May

1923

 

   

 

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